FAQ: How Did Dutch Artists Sell Their Paintings?

Who were the main customers for Dutch art?

The main patrons/consumers of art were middle-class merchants, bankers, & corporate organizations. 17th century Dutch art tends to reflect a strong sense of national pride & a celebration of Dutch life. Most paintings take the form of group portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, & still-lifes.

Is Dutch art deceitful?

The apparent realism of much Dutch art can be deceptive. Many floral still lifes, for instance, show combinations of flowers that do not bloom at the same time of year. Imaginary bouquets might remind the viewer that real flowers, like everything else in the world, must inevitably wilt and die.

What is the Dutch painting style?

From the 1620s, Dutch painting broke decisively from the Baroque style typified by Rubens in neighboring Flanders into a more realistic style of depiction, very much concerned with the real world. Types of paintings included historical paintings, portraiture, landscapes and cityscapes, still lifes and genre paintings.

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What happened during the Dutch Golden Age?

The Dutch Golden Age was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the era from 1588 to 1672, in which Dutch trade, science, and art and the Dutch military were among the most acclaimed in the world. The first section is characterized by the Eighty Years’ War, which ended in 1648.

What did the Dutch trade in the 1600s?

The Grain Trade Grain and other Baltic products such as tar, hemp, flax, and wood were not only destined for the Low Countries, but also England and for Spain and Portugal via Amsterdam, the port that had succeeded in surpassing Lübeck and other Hanseatic towns as the primary transshipment point for Baltic goods.

Is Johannes Vermeer a girl or boy?

Johannes Vermeer (/vɜːrˈmɪər, vɜːrˈmɛər/ vur-MEER, vur-MAIR, Dutch: [vərˈmeːr], see below; October 1632 – December 1675) was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life.

What happened to the fake Vermeers?

In 1939 this last painting is sold to D.G. van Beuningen. Over a seventeenth-century painting of Govert Flinck, Van Meegeren painted The Last Supper in the style of Vermeer but due to the threat of war, he returned to Holland leaving the painting behind in Nice.

Why did Johannes Vermeer paint The Girl with a Pearl Earring?

It made me wonder what Vermeer did to her to make her look like that at him. That curiosity was what led me to write a novel about the painting: I wanted to explore the mystery of her gaze. To me Girl with a Pearl Earring is neither a universal tronie, nor a portrait of a specific person.

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What is a Dutch still life?

Still life, as a particular genre, began with Netherlandish painting of the 16th and 17th centuries, and the English term still life derives from the Dutch word stilleven. The term includes the painting of dead animals, especially game.

What do tulips symbolize in Dutch still lifes?

A progenitor to Victorian floriography, Dutch flower arrangements further fanned the flames of tulip mania in the Netherlands; when depicted in oil, they symbolized nobility.

Which country were the Dutch belong to?

Over time, English-speaking people used the word Dutch to describe people from both the Netherlands and Germany, and now just the Netherlands today. (At that point in time, in the early 1500s, the Netherlands and parts of Germany, along with Belgium and Luxembourg, were all part of the Holy Roman Empire.)

Who is the most famous Dutch painter?

Rembrandt van Rijn is generally regarded as the most important Dutch Golden Age painter. The Night Watch and The Jewish Bride are among his best known works, and exhibitioned in Amsterdam’s Rijksmuseum.

Why is it called the Dutch Golden Age?

The Dutch Golden Age (17th century) was a period of great wealth for the Dutch Republic. The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) caused trade to expand quickly, which attracted immigrants and stimulated the growth of the main cities and ports.

Who was the painter of Girl with a Pearl Earring?

Johannes Vermeer